The term ‘System’

What is a ‘System’ when we talk about the subject Martial Arts/ Martial sports.

In the oriental and western ‘martial arts’ different names are being used:

– Martial sport / Ring sport
– Martial arts
– Combat sports
– Self defence
– Fighting System

And there are many more variations for this.

Although the names are often used randomly there is 1 one name I would like to describe and that is ‘Fighting System’

When you look up the meaning of the term ‘System’ on Wikipedia, you most find one-liners like this:

  • A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole.
  • A system has structure; it contains parts (or components) that are directly or indirectly related to each other
  • A purposeful cohesive pattern

This is not the full list, but these descriptions are fairly accurate. What this says is that the parts of a system are more or less connected with each other.

The beauty of a system is that all these parts contribute to the whole. When I translate this directly to a martial art/sport, this means that you might have different parts like:

– warming up
– training of the basics like stances, punches, kicks
– forms
– applications
– the full fight

A system would work optimally if all these parts are directly connected with each other and contribute to the system.

This means that when you perform a warming up, that these exercise are directly linked to the movements of the other parts. That the forms are directly linked to the applications. That the applications are directly linked to the ‘full fight’

On a deeper level this can also mean that the forms on a certain level are also linked to the applications you learn on that level.

Bukti Negara as System

The beauty of Bukti Negara is that the systematic way it’s built start right at the beginning and is carried on in the smallest of details:

  • The warming up trains directly the muscles that are connected with the forms and applications. The correct body mechanics already come into play.
  • Aspects like ground fighting, footwork, multiple opponents are already built into the warming up without people realising this.
  • The forms train your body according to the principles of the system. A form is not a collection of movements, with some only having aesthetic value; it’s a training form for people to understand the system.
  • 2-person drills are directly extracted from the forms to train aspects of the form separately.
  • Punching drills are not just about punching technique, but also about how to let your body parts cooperate to the whole, about fighting strategy and also about multiple opponents.
  • Same goes for the kicking drills.
  • Applications can be created by the practitioner himself by combining several parts. This contrary to pre-programmed techniques that teaches a student not to think for himself. Every self-defence situation is unique, so you have to learn to be creative.
  • Because all the principles are repeated again and again within all aspects of the system, these principles become ‘automated’ and part of your ‘natural movements’.


All these aspects might not be clear for every Bukti Negara practitioner from the start, but slowly people will start to realize the uniqueness of Bukti Negara in being a genuine System.

People with previous different martial arts backgrounds like Karate, Aikido, JKD, Boxing, Kali and other Silat styles often experience this as ‘different’ or ‘refreshing’.

Moreover, not only the training of principles is unique, but the role of the forms (jurus) in making your techniques applicable is also one of the unique points of Bukti Negara. This is contrary to the present common thought that forms are mainly a collection of movements or to be used for demonstration purposes.

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